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Battle of Britain

-The London Blitz-

-The London Blitz-
-Tactics on Both Sides-
-Key Ingredients to Battle-
-The Dowding System-
-The Battle of the Beams-
-Phases of Battle-
-Canada Contributes-
-End Results-

One of Hitler's Errors

Plane above a bombed Britain

Sept. 7, 1940 marked the beginning of the London Blitz. 348 German bombers over London appeared at around 4:00 PM along with 617 fighters and bombed London until around 6:00 PM. 2 months previous to the attack on London German's had been bombing RAF airfields and radar stations in preparation for the invasion. When these plans were put on hold Hitler turned to demoralize London citizens and force Britain to come to terms. Two hours after the first attack a second group of raiders commenced another attack that lasted until 4:30 the following morning. This marked the beginning of the Blitz, a time of intense bombing on London and other cities. The Blitz lasted until the following May.

For 57 days consecutive days, London was bombed during the day or at night. Fires spread though a lot of the city. Residents used whatever shelter they could find. The Underground stations sheltered at least 177,000 people during the night. The worst case was when 450 were killed when a bomb destroyed a school being used as an air raid shelter. The Blitz didn’t end until May 11, 1941 when Hitler called off the raids because he needed to prepare for the invasion of Russia.  

German raids destroy British buildings

Ernie Pyle describes a night raid on London in 1940. click here

Children sitting outside a destroyed home

Maggie Smith (June 2006)
History Summative